THE HIGH ALTITUDE PLATFORM
Our HAP will rapidly deliver broadband capacity exactly where needed, particularly in underserved areas, at a fraction of the cost of satellites. We will serve remote areas where traditional ground-based infrastructure cannot easily reach, or would be too expensive to profitably deliver. Unlike satellites, our HAP can be provisioned, and maintained in a matter of days rather than years, to serve your customer’s needs.
The Avealto HAP will remain on station for at least six months. At the end of each “mission cycle” the vehicle can be landed (after handover to its partner vehicle) to be serviced, refurbished and upgraded as required. Such adaptability is not possible with telecommunications satellites where a failure on orbit can cost hundreds of millions of dollars in lost revenue.
Avealto can leverage existing ground-based satellite infrastructure. To a ground station, a HAP appears to be just another satellite. An existing satellite antenna will only need to be re-pointed towards an Avealto HAP in order to enjoy a lower cost and a higher quality of service. Existing satellite customers will be able to substantially reduce telecom costs without additional capital investment.
HAP COVERAGE AREA
A HAP can perform the same functions as a geostationary satellite. In many instances, the HAP will have distinct advantage over satellite technologies.
At a height of 25 kilometers, a High Altitude Vehicle will have line of sight inside circle of around 565 kilometers (351 miles) in diameter. Due to topological obstacles and radio propagation characteristic, a realistic coverage area for each HAP is around 240 kilometers (150 miles) in diameter over most land areas and up to 480 Kilometers (300 miles) over oceans or plains (where the topology is flat).
To illustrate: A single HAP over the Panama Canal could provide Maritime Ku band services for all vessels in the Canal Zone, backhaul services to remote areas for a mobile phone operator, direct to home and office broadband internet to the most densely populated areas in Panama and other services in its coverage area. Three additional HAP vehicles could cover the rest of Central America.
As the Avealto HAP will be able to replace the functions of a GEOSAT, we see tremendous opportunity working with local ISPs and VSAT operators all over the world, assisting them in serving now partially served or non-served areas.
End-user Customers in most instances will be able to use their existing ground station equipment to link to a lower cost and higher quality HAP.
Maritime Communications is one of the fastest growing segments of Ku band satellite services.
Cargo vessels are increasingly using broadband communications to coordinate their activities and as an incentive to on board employees. Private vessels, including offshore fishing vessels, increasingly are installing small satellite transceivers to maintain communications while at sea. Passenger vessels now find that their customers expect to remain connected while on board.
A single HAP can cover a circular area around 480 kilometers (300 miles) in diameter over water where there are no obstructions. The platform can provide a Ku band service at a substantially lower cost than satellite operators.
The transceiver equipment on board a vessel has an antenna that can be pointed in any direction as needed. This will allow a Maritime Telecommunication Operator replace a portion of high cost Ku band satellite capacity with a lower cost Ku band service from Avealto. The transceiver antenna on the vessel will be directly pointed to a HAP nearby with no disruption of service. Users may notice a much faster connection and they will no longer experience the annoying ½ second latency on voice calls.
The platform can provide real time weather views from its high altitude location and other safety services to vessels at sea.
Maritime service will be easy to provide via HAP. No new infrastructure needs to be purchased by ship owners. The Maritime Telecommunications Operators can purchase capacity where HAPs are deployed and to continue to use higher cost Ku band capacity in areas where Avealto does not have service.
Where Avealto service is available, a Maritime operator can offer his customer a lower cost, higher quality & more capacity while making a much higher margin of profit. Access to a lower cost, higher quality service from a HAP will be huge strategic benefit to Maritime Telecommunications Operators who were previously at the mercy to Satellite operators.
KU BAND REPLACEMENT
Retail establishments all over the world relay on VSAT terminals to provide very small bandwidth communications as backup for their point of sale (credit card) transactions. Almost every major retail establishment (Kmart, Walmart, Staples, gas stations etc.) has a VSAT dish on the rooftop of every location.
A HAP can maximize the power received on the ground by a VSAT antenna. The transmitter on the rooftop also does not need to radiate as much power since the HAP is much closer than a GEOSAT which is more than 35,000 miles away. In some areas Avealto may deploy multiple HAPs which can be seen from the same point on the ground. This could provide even further redundancy.
Each HAP can support at least 500 MHz of Ku band capacity. The price of Ku band capacity in North America is around US$6,000 per MHz per month to purchase a few MHz from a reseller and around $3,500 per MHz to purchase an entire 36 MHz transponder directly from a GEOSAT operator.
DIRECT TO CUSTOMER SERVICES
HAPs will be able to provide fast, high quality broadband direct to users on the ground. Avealto will seek to identify appropriate commercial organizations to offer this service to customer in different regions of the world.
Many regions of the world clearly need additional telecom capacity that can be provided by Avealto HAP. Surprisingly there are many areas around or near developed areas that lack of adequate services. 50 miles from London, there are large areas where residents are limited to 3mb bandwidth using DSL lines from their local telecom monopoly. In the United States, some customers in major urban areas have only one (monopoly) internet service provider in their section of town or suburb. If people are frustrated with that provider, due to poor customer service and/or an underperforming network, there would be many users that will gladly pay the same price just to get service from a competing provider that can really deliver. Many remote areas of the United States, and countries with a lot of open space in the interior, such as Australia, can only be served by satellite at this time. This creates an opportunity to work with operators on the ground who can market a high quality low cost option for customers in these areas.
Mobile operators often install their own terrestrial microwave systems to link the cell towers back to the switching center.
In more isolated areas with a small number of users, the cost of providing services increases for the Mobile Operator. Some areas are difficult to connect via microwave due to hills or building which block the line of sight needed for a microwave link.
Avealto’s HAP can instantly connect cell towers back to the central switching facility. This is not only useful for remote areas but can be used to rapidly expand a network or provide additional coverage on a temporary basis by connecting portable towers to the switching facility.
Satellite capacity is not a good option for a mobile backhaul and is seldom used by mobile operators. It is very expensive and is not good for voice calls due to the propagation delay of ½ second which is highly noticeable on voice calls and is perceived by users as a quality problem.
HAPs can provide strategic benefits to mobile operators.
AIRCRAFT CONNECTIVITY AND SAFETY
Airlines travel over well designated lanes designated as “air corridors”. A majority of airline travel is concentrated into a relatively small areas which can be easily covered by limited number of HAPs.
Airline connectivity is a rapidly growing area of the telecommunication market place. The Avealto HAP will be able to take a share of this profitable market by offering lower cost service and noticeably better quality.
The Telecom Payload on the Avealto HAP will have a large amount of Ka band capacity and be able to support a 100 Mb downlink and a 20 Mb uplink, substantially more than current competition. Avealto will be able to provide service to airlines as at a lower cost. Avealto will NOT need to invest the billions that competitors plan to spend to enter this market with satellites.
Avealto is in discussions with Honeywell, which has developed a new communications system for airliners called the Jetwave, to ensure that technology integrates perfectly with our Telecom Payload.
TELEVISION DIRECT TO HOME
A HAP can provide regional Direct to Home Television service.
This service will be most useful where small adjacent territories speak different languages, or in megacity areas where a single large population can be served by a single High Altitude Vehicle. Netherlands (15 million population), Mexico City (20 million population) and Jakarta (20 million population) are examples of areas which could be served effectively by a HAP Direct to Home Television broadcast.
This type of service would be similar to Dish TV (North America), Sky TV (United Kingdom).
M2M – MACHINE TO MACHINE
Data links from isolated areas: oil pipelines, remote vending machines, alarm systems and other automated equipment, could use a HAP to maintain contact.
This type of limited bandwidth could be used for emergency alarm notifications (that could not be defeated by cutting wires).
With the introduction of Avealto HAP platforms it will be possible to provide much needed communication to remote areas of the world where basic Education in schools and other learning centres are generally not available on an international level due to the high cost of using traditional satellites.
In this context Avealto sees this as an essential tool for the betterment of learning, teaching and further education both for young people and adults.
The opportunity to benefit from international courses through the use of internet is one of the prerequisites for improving life itself.
WILDLIFE MONITORING & SAFETY
Endangered species are at risk. Just one example: Ancient superstition places a value on the tusk/horn of Elephants and Rhinos. Even though there is no medical evidence of any special properties of these horns to enhance human health, the animals are nevertheless being killed. A HAP can monitor the animals both with implanted tracking devices, and by detecting heat signatures of vehicles entering into the animals territories.
EMERGENCIES AND NATURAL DISASTERS
In the event of floods, hurricanes, tornados, wildfires, and earthquakes, Avealto HAPs could be quickly deployed for imaging and communications for affected communities and emergency crews/first responders.